Neuropathic osteoarthropathy with and without superimposed osteomyelitis in patients with a diabetic foot.

Antonio Leone, Cesare Colosimo, Alessia Semprini, Laura Tonetti, Nicola Magarelli, Victor N. Cassar-Pullicino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soft tissue and bone infection involving the foot is one of the most common long-term complications of diabetes mellitus, implying a serious impairment in quality of life for patients in the advanced stages of the disease. Neuropathic osteoarthropathy often coexists and differentiating between these two entities is commonly challenging, but crucial, as the management may differ substantially. The importance of correct diagnosis cannot be understated and effective management requires a multidisciplinary approach owing to the complicated nature of therapy in such patients. A missed diagnosis has a high likelihood of major morbidity for the patient, including limb amputation, and over-diagnosis results in a great socioeconomic challenge for healthcare systems, the over-utilization of healthcare resources, and the unwise use of antibiotics. Diagnosis is largely based on clinical signs supplemented by various imaging modalities such as radiography, MR imaging, and hybrid imaging techniques such as F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography. In the interests of the management of diabetic foot complications, this review article is aimed on the one hand at providing radiologists with important clinical knowledge, and on the other hand to equip clinicians with relevant radiological semiotics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)735-754
Number of pages20
JournalSkeletal Radiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diabetic foot
  • F-18 FDG-PET/CT
  • MR imaging
  • Neuropathic osteoarthropathy
  • Osteomyelitis

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