Neurological prognostication after cardiac arrest

Claudio Sandroni, Romergryko G. Geocadin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review Prediction of neurological prognosis in patients who are comatose after successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest remains difficult. Previous guidelines recommended ocular reflexes, somatosensory evoked potentials and serum biomarkers for predicting poor outcome within 72 h from cardiac arrest. However, these guidelines were based on patients not treated with targeted temperature management and did not appropriately address important biases in literature. Recent findings Recent evidence reviews detected important limitations in prognostication studies, such as low precision and, most importantly, lack of blinding, which may have caused a self-fulfilling prophecy and overestimated the specificity of index tests. Maintenance of targeted temperature using sedatives and muscle relaxants may interfere with clinical examination, making assessment of neurological status before 72 h or more after cardiac arrest unreliable. Summary No index predicts poor neurological outcome after cardiac arrest with absolute certainty. Prognostic evaluation should start not earlier than 72 h after ROSC and only after major confounders have been excluded so that reliable clinical examination can be made. Multimodality appears to be the most reasonable approach for prognostication after cardiac arrest.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Critical Care
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Brain Diseases
  • Coma
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory
  • Heart Arrest
  • Humans
  • Hypothermia, Induced
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Prognosis

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