Near-infrared spectroscopy applied to complex systems and human hyperscanning networking

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Concepts and techniques developed to investigate complex systems have found practical implications in the study of many complex physical, biological, and social phenomena. Social neuroscience is coherently moving to new investigation and analysis approaches to properly explore social dynamics and to qualify neural processes that mediate and define them. The present paper aims to sketch a global picture of the application of the concept of synchronization to study complex social systems and the neural signatures of interpersonal coupling during interaction dynamics. We then focus on an innovative experimental paradigm-hyperscanning-that allows researchers to sample, compare, and integrate information flows related to the bodily activities of two (or more) individuals involved in a shared naturalistic or experimentally-controlled task, thus giving the opportunity to explore inter-individual synchronization and inter-brain coupling. In particular, the potential of functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a primary investigation tool in the field is discussed. Finally, we introduce the most-used quantification and analysis methods for hyperscanning applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-N/A
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Coherence analysis
  • Complex systems
  • Dynamical coupling
  • Hyperscanning
  • Inter-brain synchronization
  • Social interaction
  • fNIRS


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