Nanostructured TiOx film on Si substrate: room temperature formation of TiSix nanoclusters

Luca Gavioli, Mirco Chiodi, Emanuele Cavaliere, Iskandar Kholmanov, Cinzia Cepek, Monica De Simone, Oumar Sakho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We present a morphologic and spectroscopic study of cluster-assembled TiO (x) films deposited by supersonic cluster beam source on clean silicon substrates. Data show the formation of nanometer-thick and uniform titanium silicides film at room temperature (RT). Formation of such thick TiSi (x) film goes beyond the classical interfacial limit set by the Ti/Si diffusion barrier. The enhancement of Si diffusion through the TiO (x) film is explained as a direct consequence of the porous film structure. Upon ultra high vacuum annealing beyond 600 A degrees C, TiSi2 is formed and the oxygen present in the film is completely desorbed. The morphology of the nanostructured silicides is very stable for thermal treatments in the RT-1000 A degrees C range, with a slight cluster size increase, resulting in a film roughness an order of magnitude smaller than other TiO (x) /Si and Ti/Si films in the same temperature range. The present results might have a broad impact in the development of new and simple TiSi synthesis methods that favour their integration into nanodevices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2645-2653
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Cluster
  • Cluster-assembled TiOx
  • Nanostructure
  • Silicide
  • Synthesis
  • Thin film
  • TiSix


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