In general insurance, measuring the uncertainty of future loss payments and estimating the claims reserve are primary goals of actuaries. To deal with these tricky tasks, a broad literature is available on deterministic and stochastic approaches, most of which aims at straightforwardly modelling the overall claims reserve. In this paper by an extended, very general and reproducible case-study, we analyze the reserving process by attributing to each cell of the lower part of the run-off triangle a Compound mixed Poisson Process, calibrated upon both the numbers of claims and future average costs and considering as well the dependence among incremental claims. We provide analytically the moments of both incremental payments and the total reserve. Furthermore, we accordingly consider the probability distribution of the claims reserve, which is necessary for the assessment of the Risk Reserve capital requirement in a Solvency II framework. To test the impact of the model under different scenarios, insurers and lines of business, the case study is thoroughly analysed by exploiting the Fisher-Lange average cost method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-138
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Average cost method
  • Collective risk model
  • Reserve Risk
  • Solvency II
  • Stochastic models for claims reserve


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