Minichromosome maintenance protein 7 as prognostic marker of tumor aggressiveness in pituitary adenoma patients.

Antonella Coli, Liverana Lauretti, Guido Fadda, Sabrina Chiloiro, Laura De Marinis Grasso, Libero Lauriola, Sylvia L. Asa, Laura De Marinis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ki-67 labeling index (LI) is currently regarded as a useful prognostic marker of pituitary adenoma (PA) clinical behavior, although its relevance as a reliable clinical indicator is far from being universally accepted, since both validations and criticisms are found in the literature. Minichromosome maintenance 7 (MCM7), a cell-cycle regulator protein, has been recently proposed as a marker of tumor aggressiveness in tumors from many sites, including the CNS. Therefore, we evaluated MCM7, in comparison to Ki-67, as a potential marker of clinical outcome in PA. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this single-institution retrospective study, 97 patients with PA (23 ACTH, 12 GH, 29 PRL, 10 FSH/LH, and 23 non-secreting adenomas) were recruited and the prognostic value of both MCM7 and Ki-67 was evaluated by immunohistochemical techniques. In addition, p53 nuclear expression and mitotic index were also evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty-six of the 97 PA patients recurred during the follow-up period. Cox's regression analysis showed that high nuclear expression of MCM7 LI, unlike Ki-67 LI, was directly associated with a higher (7.7-fold) risk of recurrence/progression. Kaplan-Meier analysis of recurrence/progression-free survival curves revealed that patients with high MCM7 LI (≥15%) had a shorter recurrence/progression-free survival than those with low MCM7 LI (<15%). Moreover, among patients with invasive tumors, high MCM7 LI identified those with the highest risk of recurrence/progression. CONCLUSIONS: Data from this study suggest that MCM7 is a prognostic marker of clinical outcome in PA patients, more reliable and informative than Ki-67.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-314
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Endocrinology
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • pituitary adenoma

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