Mechanisms in endocrinology: vitamin D as a potential contributor in endocrine health and disease.

Teresa Mezza, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Joanna Mitri, Chantal Mathieu, Klaus Badenhoop, Gonca Tamer, Francesco Orio, Reinhold Vieth, Annamaria Colao, Anastassios Pittas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that vitamin D may play a role in the pathogenesis of several endocrine diseases, such as hyperparathyroidism, type 1 diabetes (T1DM), type 2 diabetes (T2DM), autoimmune thyroid diseases, Addison's disease and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In this review, we debate the role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of endocrine diseases. METHODS: Narrative overview of the literature synthesizing the current evidence retrieved from searches of computerized databases, hand searches and authoritative texts. RESULTS: Evidence from basic science supports a role for vitamin D in many endocrine conditions. In humans, inverse relationships have been reported not only between blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone concentrations but also with risk of T1DM, T2DM, and PCOS. There is less evidence for an association with Addison's disease or autoimmune thyroid disease. Vitamin D supplementation may have a role for prevention of T2DM, but the available evidence is not consistent. CONCLUSIONS: Although observational studies support a potential role of vitamin D in endocrine disease, high quality evidence from clinical trials does not exist to establish a place for vitamin D supplementation in optimizing endocrine health. Ongoing randomized controlled trials are expected to provide insights into the efficacy and safety of vitamin D in the management of endocrine disease. © 2014 European Society of Endocrinology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-110
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Endocrinology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • vitamin d

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