Measuring perfectionism, impulsivity, self-esteem and social anxiety: Cross-national study in emerging adults from eight countries

Giada Pietrabissa, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Salvatore Gullo, Annie Aimé, David Mellor, Marita Mccabe, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibánez, Catherine Begin, Marie-Eve Blackburn, Marie Caltabiano, Alvaro Sicilia, Jacinthe Dion, Antonio Granero-Gallegos, Naomi Hayami-Chisuwa, Qiqiang He, Gianluca Lo Coco, Christophe Maïano, Charlotte Markey, Michel Probst, Rachel F. RodgersEsben Strodl, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study assessed the measurement invariance of selected self-report measures of perfectionism, impulsivity, self-esteem and social anxiety in samples of emerging adults from eight different countries. Participants (N = 6272) completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, the 5-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (5-item RSES) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS-6). Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis was run to examine cross-measure equivalence. Evidence for structural invariance was found for all questionnaires, while weak invariance was supported only for the 5-item RSES and the SIAS-6, and a partial weak invariance was found for the MPS and the UPPS-P. No measure achieved strong invariance. Strict invariance was achieved for the 5-item RSES, whereas only a partial strict invariance was supported for the MPS, UPPS-P and SIAS-6. These results suggest that perfectionism, impulsivity, self-esteem, and social anxiety are subjected to linguistic/cultural influence as well as to the effects of socio-demographic variables and can be evaluated by using the selected measures in eight different countries worldwide - but results should be interpreted with caution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-278
Number of pages14
JournalBody Image
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Comparative research
  • Emerging adults
  • Impulsivity
  • Perfectionism
  • Self-esteem
  • Social anxiety

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