Machines et instruments scientifiques au XVIIIe siècle: définition, communication et transmission des connaissances

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Scientific machines and instruments in the 18th century: definition, communication and transmission of knowledge

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] The machine and the scientific instrument create a link between experience and theory, between pure knowledge and applied knowledge. Around the machine an imaginary was elaborated in the 18th century, which developed differently from one century to another: it is this context that invites us to analyze the linguistic and visual textuality generated in French encyclopedism as well as the observation of the relationship between the creator and the user of the machine during the century considered. The dissemination of knowledge about machines and tools involves these two categories of actors, set in dialogue by the encyclopaedist who transcribes and orders any description. The machines acquire their right of citizenship in the daily life as well as in the reasonings of the Age of Enlightenment, thanks to their role of assistance to the man in his creations, thanks to their indispensable function of support in the experiments and in discoveries. For the understanding of the charm of machines the place that will attract us more than any other is the Encyclopedia of Diderot and Alembert. The technical language summarizes all previous knowledge, made by engineers, which must reassure in its scholarly appearance and to be a bearer of a utopian imaginary. On the one hand, the machine has a practical, crafty, mechanical side, and on the other hand it plays an influence coupled with a systematic fascination, going beyond the framework of the production and investing us in the form of deception and illusion, if not afraid. Art and artist, machine and craftsman establish the relationship between man and his creation that go from dialogue to silence, from words to fascination.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Scientific machines and instruments in the 18th century: definition, communication and transmission of knowledge
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationAutrement dit: définir, reformuler, gloser. Hommage à Pierluigi Ligas
EditorsPaolo Frassi, Giovanni Tallarico
Pages29-46
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • diachronic terminology
  • histoire de la langue française
  • histoire des techniques
  • history of French language
  • history of techniques
  • terminologie diachronique

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