Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic myeloid leukemia arises from a somatic mutation in a pluripotent stem cell. It generally terminates with a blastic crisis (BC). One third of BC are lymphoid, and most have a pre-B phenotype. Few cases of T-lymphoid BC have been reported. Here we describe a lymph node blast crisis mimicking T-immunoblastic lymphoma. METHODS: Bone marrow and lymph nodes were histologically examined by standard methods and by an immunoperoxidase technique. Cytogenetic studies were also performed on lymph node and blood cells. Analysis of T-cell receptor genes and BCR rearrangements were performed on DNA extracted from both frozen bone marrow and lymph-node cells. RESULTS: Lymph-node histology showed an infiltration by large lymphoid blasts, consistent with a diagnosis of immunoblastic lymphoma. Blast cells were CD2, CD7, TDT positive, and negative for myeloid and mature lymphoid antigens. The Ph1 chromosome was found in both bone marrow and lymph-node cells. BCR rearrangement was found in the DNA from both bone marrow and lymph-node cells. TCR genes were not rearranged. DISCUSSION: The present study provides strong evidence that the lymph-node blast crisis of CML can assume the morphological appearance of immunoblastic lymphoma and may retain the immunological phenotype and genetic features of early T cells with BCR rearrangements
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-314
Number of pages4
JournalHaematologica
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Keywords

  • lymph node

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