L’unione fa la forza. Cooperazione e competizione a confronto in uno studio hyperscanning

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Unity is strength. Cooperation and competition compared in a hyperscanning study

Davide Crivelli, Michela Balconi, Maria Elide Vanutelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] In the course of cooperative or competitive tasks, which characterize many of our social exchanges, different processes are activated that have to do with the social meaning of interactions, as well as the perception of oneself as an agent. However, the relationship between brain components, peripheral and personality in the two different scenarios is still little explored. In the present study the experimental subjects, paired in pairs, were subjected to a task of sustained attention with the indication of working together (cooperation) learning to synchronize the respective responses, or to compete against each other ( competition), trying to get the best score in terms of accuracy and reaction times. During the experiment the feedback proposed in response to the performance was manipulated a priori by the experimenter, reinforcing the positive performance. Neurophysiologic indexes of electroenephalographic (EEG) and haemodynamic type (functional spectroscopy of Vicino InfraRosso, fNIRS) have been detected, together with some personality measurements, including the Behavioral Activation System, (BAS) that have been used to divide the subjects into groups based on their attitudes to social reward contexts. Furthermore, self-perception as an effective agent in the social context was measured. The analysis of neurophysiological data showed an increase in left prefrontal cortical activity in participants with high BAS in the cooperative task, in correspondence with an improvement in performance and a perception of greater self-efficacy. These results allowed us to show that cooperation is a functional strategy, and that reward attitudes can affect self-representations and performance, with a relative increase in prefrontal cortical responsiveness.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Unity is strength. Cooperation and competition compared in a hyperscanning study
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationAtti del «XXII Congresso Nazionale AIP della Sezione di Psicologia Sperimentale»
Pages48
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventXXII Congresso Nazionale AIP della Sezione di Psicologia Sperimentale - Roma
Duration: 20 Sep 201622 Sep 2016

Conference

ConferenceXXII Congresso Nazionale AIP della Sezione di Psicologia Sperimentale
CityRoma
Period20/9/1622/9/16

Keywords

  • Competizione
  • Cooperazione
  • EEG, fNIRS
  • Hyperscanning

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