Long-term outcomes of patients with cerebral vein thrombosis: a multicenter study

Valerio De Stefano, F Dentali, D Poli, U Scoditti, M Di Minno, S Siragusa, M Kostal, G Palareti, M Sartori, E Grandone, M Vedovati, W. Ageno

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85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

. Background: Little information is available on the long-term clinical outcome of cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT). Objectives and methods: In an international, retrospective cohort study, we assessed the long-term rates of mortality, residual disability and recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in a cohort of patients with a first CVT episode. Results: Seven hundred and six patients (73.7% females) with CVT were included. Patients were followed for a total of 3171 patient-years. Median follow-up was 40 months (range 6, 297 months). At the end of follow-up, 20 patients had died (2.8%). The outcome was generally good: 89.1% of patients had a complete recovery (modified Rankin Score [mRS] 01) and 3.8% had a partial recovery and were independent (mRS 2). Eighty-four per cent of patients were treated with oral anticoagulants and the mean treatment duration was 12 months. CVT recurred in 31 patients (4.4%), and 46 patients (6.5%) had a VTE in a different site, for an overall incidence of recurrence of 23.6 events per 1000 patient-years (95% confidence Interval [CI] 17.8, 28.7) and of 35.1 events/1000 patient-years (95% CI, 27.7, 44.4) after anticoagulant therapy withdrawal. A previous VTE was the only significant predictor of recurrence at multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR] 2.70; 95% CI 1.25, 5.83). Conclusions: The long-term risk of mortality and recurrent VTE appears to be low in patients who survived the acute phase of CVT. A previous VTE history independently predicts recurrent events.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1297-1302
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • CEREBRAL VEIN THROMBOSIS

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