OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the safety and efficacy of nevirapine (NVP)-based therapy in all patients initiating NVP-containing combined antiretroviral therapy [cART (>or=3 drugs)] in our clinic since 1994. METHODS: Patient characteristics and laboratory values from the start of the NVP-based cART regimen to the last available follow-up or to NVP discontinuation were retrieved from an observational database. RESULTS: Five hundred and seventy-three patients were treated with NVP-based cART for a median of 18.4 (range 0.1-128.8) months. The 1-year cumulative estimated probability of discontinuing NVP-containing regimens for toxicity was 0.203. Only 1.9% developed a grade 3 alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation. Significant increases in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were observed up to month 12 except in treatment-naïve patients, where the increase was limited to 3 months. Discontinuation because of cutaneous reaction was predicted independently by female gender [Hazard Ratio (HR) 3.21, P<0.001] and Centers for Disease Control class C (HR 0.50, P=0.012). Discontinuation because of liver toxicity was predicted independently by anti-hepatitis C virus positivity (HR 3.84, P<0.001). In patients starting NVP-containing cART with undetectable viral loads, the 5-year estimated probability of viral load >400 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL was 0.34. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term follow-up with an NVP-containing cART showed a low rate of discontinuation caused by liver toxicity and the maintenance of virological suppression in patients switched with undetectable viral loads.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
- long term