[Autom. eng. transl.] The history of contemporary Iran is crossed by numerous revolutions whose essence remains at first sight difficult to decipher. The revolutionary nature of Persian, and then Iranian politics, is manifested already at the end of the 19th century, when during the so-called Constitutional Revolution (1905-1906) new political actors and the awareness of transnational social classes emerge. Of course, today's Iran inherited some of its peculiarities from the constitutional movement, but the 1979 revolution also reflected certain trends that were spreading internationally, such as political Islam and leftist ideology. The epochal revolution of 1979 paved the way for the foundation of the Islamic Republic, a hybrid political system in which the political elite continues to define themselves enqelabi (revolutionary) to affirm their adherence to the principles of the revolution, that is to those values defined above all by the radicals religious who in the 1980s monopolized the political scene excluding other groups. Forty years later, the political establishment and in particular some of its expressions, retain revolutionary rhetoric as an essential element for safeguarding their internal legitimacy. State-sponsored demonstrations punctuating "death to America" are reminiscent of the zeal and revolutionary slogans of the 1980s. This may indicate that the revolution is not over, but continues to provide rhetorical references for political action. However, as national and international conditions changed, the anti-imperialist narrative, as well as other claims that characterized the 1979 revolution, took on a different scope and meanings.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Is Iran still a revolutionary state?|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- Fazionalismo politico
- Iran Post-rivoluzionario
- Rivoluzione Iraniana