Lipid transfer proteins: the most frequent sensitizer in Italian subjects with food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis

Antonino Romano, E. Scala, G. Rumi, F. Gaeta, C. Caruso, C. Alonzi, M. Maggioletti, R. Ferrara, P. Palazzo, Vincenzo Palmieri, Paolo Zeppilli, A. Mari

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89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Specific food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (S-FDEIAn) is a distinct form of food allergy in which symptoms are elicited by exercise performed after ingesting food to which the patient has become sensitised. Non-specific FDEIAn (NS-FDEIAn) is a syndrome provoked by exercise performed after ingesting any food. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify the culprit allergenic molecules in patients with FDEIAn, combining 'classic' allergy testing with an allergenic molecule-based microarray approach for IgE detection. METHODS: All subjects were evaluated who reported at least one episode of anaphylaxis in association with physical exercise performed within 4 h after a meal. We performed skin prick tests (SPT) with commercial food extracts, prick plus prick tests (P + P) with fresh foods (P + P), and serum specific IgE assays by means of both the ImmunoCAP (CAP) and the ISAC 89 microarray system (ISAC). RESULTS: Among our 82 FDEIAn patients, the most frequent suspected foods were tomato, cereals, and peanut. SPT, P + P, and CAP displayed different degrees of sensitivity. Each test disclosed some positivities not discovered by others. Seventy-nine subjects were positive to at least one food (49 to more than 20), whereas three were negative. All suspected foods were positive to at least one of SPT, P + P, and CAP. When tested using the ISAC, 64 (78%) subjects were positive to Pru p 3 [peach lipid transfer protein (LTP)], 13 were positive to other food allergen molecules, and five displayed negative results to all food allergenic molecules. Overall, 79 patients probably had S-FDEIAn and the other 3 NS-FDEIAn. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple food hypersensitivity represents a clinical hallmark of a large percentage of FDEIAn patients. The very high prevalence of IgE to the LTP suggests a role of this allergen group in causing S-FDEIAn.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1643-1653
Number of pages11
JournalClinical and Experimental Allergy
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis
  • lipid transfer protein
  • microarray
  • specific IgE

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