[Autom. eng. transl.] The volume by Laura Zanfrini “Learning by programming. Second report on the needs of Italian companies and the policy of programming migration flows "(FrancoAngeli, Milan, 2002) represents the second edition of an analysis report resulting from the collaboration between Unioncamere and the ISMU Foundation. Presents and comments on the surveys conducted by the Excelsior system in 2001 about the hiring of workers from non-EU countries. This analysis report, as well as the previous edition that referred to the two-year period 1999-2000 [cf. Focus 2.3], develops from these data a sociological reflection on the professional needs of Italian companies and on the planning policy of migration flows. The report starts with an overview of the main policy trends that, at the international level, regulate the entry and access to work of migrant workers. The Canadian experience is then explored as an emblematic example of a country that continues to see immigration as an important resource for its economy. We therefore focus on the recent orientations of the European Union, to underline the peculiarities of the Southern European model and more particularly of the Italian one. It then reflects in depth on the role of immigrant work in Italy three years after the promulgation of the Consolidated Law on Immigration. A detailed analysis is subsequently presented of the results that emerged from the Excelsior 2001 survey, with reference both to the national panorama and to that of the Lombardy region, which reveals great ability to absorb foreign labor. First of all, the analysis shows, in the face of increasing difficulties in finding human resources encountered by companies, the structural character of what can be defined as a demand for "entry for work". However, this is a question that is distributed in a different way on the national territory and that, mainly, involves low or medium-low level jobs, at risk of being ethnicized. The importance of taking decisions and strategies that can adequately consider the various aspects linked to the impact of immigration on the Italian economic and social system is therefore underlined, in order to get out of an extraordinary concept of intervention, giving voice to the needs expressed by the local economic systems and, at the same time, promoting political initiatives coordinated at European Union level. From this point of view it is suggested, also on the basis of international experience, the need to maintain a plurality of legal entry channels for work reasons, so as to satisfy the varied needs of the productive and reproductive systems (even those that are most difficult to estimate). through surveys on job vacancies), but at the same time guaranteeing control over entry flows and working conditions. It also underlines how the programming should be considered an activity in continuous evolution and progressively improved, to be calibrated on the different territorial and temporal contexts, according to an approach based on a logic of incremental innovation. An activity in which one must be able to learn from "success stories" but also from errors, correcting the latter and getting as close as possible to an ideal meeting point between the needs of economic competitiveness and those of social sustainability.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] "Learning by programming". Second report on the professional needs of Italian companies and the policy of planning migration flows|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- labour market
- mercato del lavoro
- migration policies
- politiche migratorie