Le dialogue entre droit et religion dans la conception kantienne de l’État. Un regard diachronique

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] The dialogue between law and religion in the Kantian conception of the state. A diachronic look

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] The purpose of this contribution is to show that the two Kantian texts of 1784 - in spite of the conceptual evolution of the concept of law between 1788 and 1797, in particular with regard to its relationship with morality - mark a milestone in the Kantian conception of right as an expression of the sovereignty of the state. The real question for Kant lies in the impossibility for the state to dispose of religion entirely as an instrument to impose itself. Indeed, if in the Idea of a universal history from the cosmopolitan point of view the necessity of the state emerges in a purely legal and pragmatic form, in What is the Enlightenment? the religious foundation of sovereignty is subject to an independent and critical evaluation made by the subject, which is expressed by the public use of reason, opposed to the private. By practicing this private use, therefore, a man of the Church, while respecting the guidelines of the state - that is, by acting on the "symbol" of the Church - will not see his individual freedom affected by such conformity. exterior. In this space of irreducibility of religion to the State will be located the most diverse developments of German Idealism, among which Hegel appears as the most significant example. It is precisely to religion, in fact, that Hegel will borrow the decisive conceptual elements for the surpassing of the State itself in the passage from the objective Spirit to the absolute Spirit.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] The dialogue between law and religion in the Kantian conception of the state. A diachronic look
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationL’année 1784 : Droit et philosophie de l’histoire
Pages333-342
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event12e Congrès international de la Société d’Etudes Kantiennes de Langue Française - Mainz am Rhein
Duration: 28 Sep 20151 Oct 2015

Conference

Conference12e Congrès international de la Société d’Etudes Kantiennes de Langue Française
CityMainz am Rhein
Period28/9/151/10/15

Keywords

  • Kant, Fichte, Hegel, Droit, Religion, Moralité

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