[Autom. eng. transl.] In Italy today there are more than 180,000 elderly people in retirement homes. For many of them, the salient feature is that typical of "resigned", that is, those who have lost all design capacity and any hope of change. They tend to fall back on themselves, introversion and self-depreciation. Their state of mind is a mixture of satisfaction for having reached a safe haven, and of dissatisfaction for having renounced their freedom and being passed to a situation of total delegation and passivity. In this context, attention to "animation" activities is an essential element for all those who in retirement homes intend to oppose this climate of resignation, which inevitably leads to a deterioration of personal identity. This volume is the result of a direct experiment carried out by a team of experts who for two years worked in four rest homes of the Municipality of Como, trying to involve not only entertainers and volunteers, but also nurses, auxiliaries, doctors and managers of the structures. A not secondary purpose of animation, in fact, consists in introducing a certain way of relating to the elderly, which should be taken up by all the "professional figures" and not, who are in contact with the Institute's guests. The specificity of this initiative consists in the "method" of work that has been outlined and applied. The book tries to show concretely how to make the public and private sphere interact and how to use techniques that mainly use non-verbal languages: the psychomotor group dynamics, music therapy and color therapy. The aim is not to transmit therapeutic skills to the operators, but the ability to work with even unusual procedures, appropriately simplified with respect to the therapist's activity, but always with a precise methodology and specific objectives. The project, however, does not limit itself to proposing new animation "techniques". An aspect that can be considered central consists in combining the "techniques" with a work of "analysis of the experience" of the operators. The volume illustrates both the methodological aspects that have allowed this integrated approach, and some protocols that summarize the different situations that have arisen. The experimentation described deserves to be evaluated in depth by the local managers of social policies and by those who work in the field of animation both with a specific professional role and with non-professional methods.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Animation in rest homes. Methods and techniques for an integrated psychosociological intervention|
|Number of pages||176|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|