LA TUTELA PREVENTIVA DEL CREDITO: DALL’AZIONE INIBITORIA ALL’ADEMPIMENTO COATTIVO DEGLI OBBLIGHI INTEGRATIVI E STRUMENTALI

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] PREVENTIVE CREDIT PROTECTION: FROM THE INHIBITORY ACTION TO THE COACTIVE FULFILLMENT OF ADDITIONAL AND INSTRUMENTAL OBLIGATIONS

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Abstract

The essay deals with the issue of remedies by which creditors can prevent non-fulfillment of obligations. The Author rejects those theories that recognize the injunction as a general and atypical action that can also protect credit rights. In the absence of a law provision, indeed, this protection cannot be simply based on a principle of effectiveness. In fact, allowing any claim of the creditor before the deadline for fulfillment means limiting the debtor’s freedom and that requires a balance between the conflicting interests, according to a legal evaluation. From this perspective, conflicts find instead a solution in the art. 1176 of the Civil Code which, through the general due diligence clause, imposes additional duties on the debtor, in order to preserve the possibility of principal obligation performance.This rule, unlike the principle of effectiveness, limits the creditor’s claim by identifying, according to a social criterion of dutifulness, the behavior that the debtor must observe in order to achieve the result that satisfies the former’s interest. Moreover, the duty of care, as an obligation binding the debtor before the breach, cannot be considered a mere criterion for ascertaining ex post his liability or a cause of termination. At the opposite, according its specific purpose, it allows the creditor to act even in advance for the exact fulfillment of preparatory obligations.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] PREVENTIVE CREDIT PROTECTION: FROM THE INHIBITORY ACTION TO THE COACTIVE FULFILLMENT OF ADDITIONAL AND INSTRUMENTAL OBLIGATIONS
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)367-383
Number of pages17
JournalEUROPA E DIRITTO PRIVATO
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • credit rights
  • diligenza
  • diritti di credito
  • duty of care
  • inadempimento
  • inibitoria
  • injunction
  • non-fulfillment
  • obblighi preparatori
  • preparatory obligations
  • remedies
  • tutela preventiva

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