La Santa Sede e la Cristiada (1926-1929)

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] The Holy See and the Cristiada (1926-1929)

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The conflict between the secular Mexican state and the Catholic Church, which reached its heights with the Cristero war of 1926-1929, remains one of the least known chapters of Achille Ratti’s pontificate. Nevertheless, the conflict is of particular interest in an effort to identify certain underlying tendencies of Vatican politics at the time, with particular reference to the magisterium of the Pope and the Holy See’s concrete actions in defending the libertas Ecclesiae. The opening, in september 2006, of the Roman archival sources relative to the pontificate of Pius XI offered an exclusive opportunity to shed light on some unknown elements of the religious conflict in Revolutionary Mexico; newly consultable sources such as those contained in the Archive of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs and the Archivum Romanum Societatis Iesu allow for a precise and detailed reconstruction of the events surrounding the turning points of the conflict – i.e., the suspension of public worship in July 1926 and the peace agreement in June 1929 (known as the arreglos).
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] The Holy See and the Cristiada (1926-1929)
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)840-875
Number of pages36
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Arreglos
  • Cristero War
  • Cristiada
  • Just War Theory
  • Mexican anticlericalism
  • Pius XI
  • Vatican Diplomacy
  • Viva Cristo Rey


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