LA RICERCA EMPIRICA IN PSICOTERAPIA

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] EMPIRICAL RESEARCH IN PSYCHOTHERAPY

Gianluca Castelnuovo, Enrico Molinari, Alessandro Salvini, Giorgio Nardone

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] In the last fifty years, psychotherapy research has undergone a particular development, demonstrating with thousands of studies the effectiveness and efficiency of many psychotherapeutic treatments for a wide range of psychological problems. Traditionally, clinicians (psychologists, psychotherapists, psychiatrists, etc.) have challenged researchers in the field of mental health to reach, thanks to the presumed power of the number (statistical analysis), conclusions to which they had arrived years before, relying on their own experience. Today, fortunately, research and clinic are in constant dialogue. To build the bridge between research and psychotherapy practice, researchers have increasingly focused their attention increasingly on the effectiveness and efficiency of different therapeutic treatments. In this research in the field of mental health there are two of the most common approaches between researchers and clinicians.1, 2 On the one hand it is possible to note the development of the so-called ESTs (Empirically Supported Treatments), which are based on RCTs (Randomized Controlled Trials) 3, 4 in the wake of EBM (Evidence Based Medicine); on the other hand, the rise of studies concerning the "common factors" perspective, aimed at confirming the so-called "Dodo verdict" is underlined. 5, 6 The difference between these two approaches is mainly due to the presence of epistemological and philosophical bases, towards psychotherapy and research, which are profoundly different. In this regard Tracey7 states: «it is possible to see that each therapy model has distinct effects on clients. This assumption of differentiation between treatments naturally leads to the inference that some models are more efficient than others with a certain type of client [...]. A competitive and perhaps complementary view is that different theoretical approaches are equally effective "(p. 401).
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] EMPIRICAL RESEARCH IN PSYCHOTHERAPY
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationDizionario internazionale di psicoterapia
Editorsgiorgio nardone, ALESSANDRO SALVINI
Pages647-676
Number of pages30
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • EBM
  • evidenze scientifiche in psicoterapia
  • psicologia clinica
  • ricerca in psicoterapia

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