La festa di San Giovanni: costruzione di un'identità civica fra rituale e spettacolo (secoli XIV-XVI)

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] The feast of San Giovanni: building a civic identity between ritual and entertainment (14th-16th centuries)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In pre-modern Italy the festivals of civic identity were distinguished from all other collective celebrations as they had the function of drawing the image of the city, its institutions, its social composition and its wealth. Endowed with characteristics that sanctioned their excellence compared to other ceremonial occasions, they changed over time recording the political-institutional changes of the city-states. This contribution analyzes the historical events of the patron saint's festival starting from the most ancient news on its institution in the communal age up to the transformations introduced by the princely regime in the XVI century. The conspicuous and continuous documentation surviving, and above all the detailed descriptions that punctuate the history of the festival by signaling the conjunctures of the most significant changes, allows to reconstruct the various stages of its institution and the shows included in it, reading the political symbology implied from time to time. During the republican age the confraternities represented on pageants the history of human redemption from Creation to the Last Judgment, thus emphasizing a deeply devout and united image of Florence under the patron's protection. In the last years of Lorenzo the Magnificent's hegemony, ancient triumphs were also introduced in explicit praise of the 'lord', while with the advent of the principality Cosimo I radically changed the civic meaning of the feast transforming it from offer of the city to San Giovanni in "tribute" of the subjects to the sovereign.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] The feast of San Giovanni: building a civic identity between ritual and entertainment (14th-16th centuries)
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)49-76
Number of pages28
JournalANNALI DI STORIA DI FIRENZE
VolumeII
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Firenze
  • Florence
  • Matteo Palmieri
  • Medici family
  • Saint John the Baptist
  • San Giovanni Battista
  • carri trionfali
  • civic feast
  • civic identity
  • confraternite
  • confraternities
  • famiglia Medici
  • festa civica
  • identità civica
  • ingegni teatrali
  • sacre rappresentazioni
  • sacred plays
  • teatrical machines
  • triumphal chariots

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