La fête sous les ailes de l’aigle. Les célébrations politiques napoléoniennes dans la République italienne et le Royaume d’Italie entre centralisation et élans d’autonomie (1802-1814)

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] The party under the eagle's wings. Napoleonic political celebrations in the Italian Republic and the Kingdom of Italy between centralization and impulses of autonomy (1802-1814)

Riccardo Benzoni*

*Corresponding author

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Privileged place for the creation of political consensus, public celebration was one of the means that more remarkably were used by Napoleon in the Italian departments in order to fuel the adhesion of the citizens towards his person and his own power. In the aftermath of the favorable outcome of the second Italian campaign, Napoleon lavished himself on broadcasting in the territories of the reconstituted Cisalpine Republic - soon renamed Italian on the occasion of the Lyon Consulte - the Parisian festive model, finalized to solemnize the successes of its military enterprises, the signatures of the peace treaties and the founding dates of the new regime. However, after the revolutionary political parenthesis of the Triennio Giacobino (1796-1799), the city of Milan and the annexed territories were newly interested in the introduction of a complex system of public celebrations exported by France; trait that would have characterized the Italian departments until the time of the Austrian Restoration of 1814. However, despite the intensive efforts made by the First Consul, the representatives of the Italian Republic (1802-1805) sought to develop, within the limits posed by the policy of centralization encouraged by President Bonaparte, an autonomous festive dimension, not devoid of impulses aimed at acquiring by the departments a greater independence from France, the mother republic and able to entrench and convey to the citizens values of a national character. Likewise, although deeply embedded in imperial politics, even the Kingdom of Italy administered by Eugène de Beauharnais (1805-1814) was characterized by the development of specific peculiarities in the festival, finalized to respond to the model of celebration coming from Paris. In addition to offering, through an approach of comparative nature, a direct confrontation between the Parisian festive model and those established in the Italian Republic and in the Kingdom of Italy, and in addition to conducting an exhaustive analysis of prosopographic character of the celebrations instituted during the consular and imperial period in the two political entities of the peninsula, which will not fail to take into account the literary, artistic and cultural aspects linked to the festive moment, the intervention also proposes to bring to the surface the elements indicating the search for an autonomous path of public celebration in the Italian domains, an index of the attempt - in some cases not hidden - to carve out a major area of action and autonomy respect for Napoleonic centralism.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] The party under the eagle's wings. Napoleonic political celebrations in the Italian Republic and the Kingdom of Italy between centralization and impulses of autonomy (1802-1814)
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationCentralisation et fédéralisme. Les modèles et leur circulation dans l’espace européen francophone, germanophone et italophone
Pages61-69
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventCentralisation et fédéralisme. Les modèles et leur circulation dans l’espace européen francophone, germanophone et italophone - Rouen
Duration: 28 Jan 201629 Jan 2016

Conference

ConferenceCentralisation et fédéralisme. Les modèles et leur circulation dans l’espace européen francophone, germanophone et italophone
CityRouen
Period28/1/1629/1/16

Keywords

  • Feste politche
  • Fêtes politiques
  • Napoleone Bonaparte
  • Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Sacralisation du pouvoir
  • Sacralizzazione del potere

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