Italy: From Secret Services to Intelligence

Marco Lombardi, L. Gaiser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


National intelligence cultures are shaped by their country’s history and environment. Featuring 32 countries (such as Albania, Belgium, Croatia, Norway, Latvia, Montenegro), the work provides insight into a number of rarely discussed national intelligence agencies to allow for comparative study, offering hard to find information into one volume. In their chapters, the contributors, who are all experts from the countries discussed, address the intelligence community rather than focus on a single agency. They examine the environment in which an organization operates, its actors, and cultural and ideological climate, to cover both the external and internal factors that influence a nation’s intelligence community. The result is an exhaustive, unique survey of European intelligence communities rarely discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Handbook of European Intelligence Cultures
EditorsB De Graaff
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Intelligence
  • Security

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