Is absence related to work stress? A repeated cross-sectional study on a special police force

Nicola Magnavita, Sergio Garbarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Sickness absence due to illness is considered an indicator of work-related stress. Police work is a very stressful job. Sickness absence and sick leave are frequent among policemen. Methods We tested whether stress variables were predictors of absenteeism in a police unit specifically assigned to the maintenance of law and order. Results Control, Reward, and Support were negatively related to frequency of absence and short-term absence. Demand and Effort were positively related to total lost days. Absence recorded in the previous year was the best predictor of absenteeism. We also found a positive, albeit weak association between absence in the previous year and subsequent work-related stress. Conclusions Stress variables are associated with sickness absence, although the association is weak. Both short-term and prolonged sickness absence should be regarded as a warning sign for subsequent sickness absence and distress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • absenteeism
  • control
  • demand
  • effort
  • effort–reward imbalance
  • job strain
  • over-commitment
  • reward
  • risk assessment
  • short-time sickness absence
  • social support

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