Investigating the effects of odour integration in reading and learning experiences

Daniele Ruscio, Monica Bordegoni, Marina Carulli, Yuan Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Books are the tools used for reading novels and stories, but also for educational purposes. Conventional books have undergone a radical transformation in recent years due to the use of new technologies. However, even today the technological devices used for reading e-books are still poorly exploited, despite the fact that they represent a fundamental tool to make the reading experience more immersive by using a complete multisensory approach. In this perspective, one sense that represents an important element of human perception is the sense of smell. Consequently, authors make the hypothesis that the introduction of odours during reading sessions could increase the user experience and the learning performances. In order to demonstrate these hypotheses, the authors have defined and carried out several experimental testing sessions. The analysis of the collected data proved that the introduction of odour does not disturb the reader during reading activities but, on the contrary, can actually make the experience more immersive. Similarly, odours do not disturb studying activities, but they can instead increase the level of concentration and people's learning performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-125
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Augmented reality
  • Human Factors
  • Multisensory environment
  • Olfactory technologies
  • Usability
  • User Experience


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