Invasive aspergillosis in acute leukemias: old and new risk factors and epidemiological trends

Livio Pagano, Morena Caira, Giuseppe Leone, M Mancinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, there has been increased interest in the development of prophylactic and diagnostic tools for patients at high risk for invasive aspergillosis (IA), resulting in a signifi cant investment of human, technical, and economic resources. There are several classic risk factors for the development of IA, including neutropenia, graft-versus-host disease, and corticosteroid use. However, despite having similar risk profi les, only a subset of at-risk individuals will develop this fungal complication. At present, there is a signifi cant expansion of the classically defi ned ‘ high-risk ’ group due to the ageing of the general population, the intensifi cation of treatment strategies, and the introduction of new drugs into clinical practice (e.g., monoclonal antibodies, TNF inhibitors). Therefore, an improved categorization of patients would be useful in order to better target available resources and avoid the risk of potential overtreatment and toxicities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S13-S13-6
JournalMedical Mycology
Volume49 Suppl 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aspergillosis
  • Comorbidity
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Graft vs Host Disease
  • Humans
  • Iron Overload
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
  • Middle Aged
  • Neutropenia
  • Risk Factors
  • Toll-Like Receptors

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