Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-II stimulate progesterone production by human luteal cells: role of IGF-I as mediator of growth hormone action

Rosanna Apa, Antonio Lanzone, Nicoletta Di Simone, Alessandro Caruso, Salvatore Mancuso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the possible direct effect of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-II on basal and hCG-stimulated P production by cultured human luteal cells. The possible role of IGF-I as mediator of GH action on luteal steroidogenesis also was investigated. DESIGN: Cultures of human luteal cells from early and midluteal phase. SETTING: All corpora lutea were obtained from the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Universita Cattolica, a public care center. PATIENTS: Eight nonpregnant women between 35 and 47 years of age underwent surgery for various nonendocrine disorders such as leiomyomatosis. INTERVENTIONS: Corpora lutea were obtained at the time of hysterectomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Luteal cells were incubated with IGF-I or IGF-II with or without hCG at different concentrations. Growth hormone also was used alone and with an anti-IGF-I-antibody. RESULTS: We found that IGF-I and IGF-II were able to stimulate directly the P production at all used concentrations and that both of them significantly amplified the steroidogenic hCG effect. Finally, IGF-I was shown to mediate the positive GH action on P synthesis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-239
Number of pages5
JournalFertility and Sterility
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • IGF-I

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