Increased fibulin-1 plasma levels in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients: possible contribution to the link between PCOS and cardiovascular risk

Antonio Lanzone, Rosanna Apa, Elisa Scarinci, Anna Tropea, Giulio Russo, Giovanna Notaristefano, Simone Michele Fabozzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate a possible relation between fibulin-1 plasma levels and PCOS. Design: ELISA quantitative determination of human fibulin-1. Methods: 50 women with PCOS and 40 control patients who attended the Unit of Human Reproductive Pathophysiology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, were enrolled. Ultrasonographic pelvic examinations, hormonal profile assays, oral tolerance test OGTT, lipid profile and ELISA quantitative determination of human fibulin-1 were performed. Results: Fibulin-1 levels were found to be statistically significantly higher in PCOS patients than in matched control women. No statistically significant positive correlation was found between fibulin-1 and AUCi, HOMA-IR, total cholesterol, LDL, AMH, androstenedione and FAI, whereas a statistically significant positive correlation was found between fibulin-1 and 17OHP (p = 0.016) in the PCOS group. However, multivariable linear regression analysis showed that 17 OH P did not independently predict fibulin-1 levels (p = 0.089). Conclusions: Our data could contribute to explain the hypothesized increased cardiovascular risk and vascular damage in patients with PCOS. A better understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in cardiometabolic disorders associated with PCOS is mandatory to identify new therapeutic strategies to eventually prevent the progression of cardiovascular diseases in these patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-96
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Biomarkers
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Female
  • Fibulin-1
  • Hormonal assay
  • Humans
  • PCOS
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Risk Factors
  • Young Adult

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