Incidence, determinants, and prognostic value of reverse left ventricular remodelling after primary percutaneous coronary intervention: results of the Acute Myocardial Infarction Contrast Imaging (AMICI) multicenter study.

Leonarda Galiuto, Filippo Crea, Stefania Funaro, Giuseppe La Torre, Francesco Alessandrini, Mariapina Madonna, Antonio Scarà, A Labbadia, E Canali, A Mattatelli, Francesco Fedele, Luciano Agati

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76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIMS: Few data are available on the extent and prognostic value of reverse left ventricular remodelling (r-LVR) after ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to evaluate incidence, major determinants, and long-term clinical significance of r-LVR in a group of STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). In particular, the role of preserved microvascular flow within the infarct zone in inducing r-LVR has been investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serial echocardiograms (2DE) and myocardial contrast study were obtained within 24 h of coronary recanalization (T1) and at pre-discharge (T2) in 110 reperfused STEMI patients. Follow-up 2DE was scheduled after 6 months (T3). Two-year clinical follow-up was obtained. Reverse remodelling was defined as a reduction >10% in LV end-systolic volume (LVESV) at 6 months follow-up. r-LVR occurred in 39% of study population. At multivariable analysis, independent predictors of r-LVR were an effective microvascular reflow within the infarct zone, the in-hospital improvement of myocardial perfusion, an initial large LVESV, and a short time to reperfusion. Cox analysis identified r-LVR as the only independent predictor of 2-year event-free survival. Combined events rate was significantly higher among patients without compared to those with r-LVR (log-rank test P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: r-LVR frequently occurs in STEMI patients treated with PPCI and it is an important predictor of favourable long-term outcome. A preserved microvascular perfusion within the infarct zone is the major determinant of r-LVR
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-575
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • contrast imaging
  • primary percutaneous coronary intervention
  • reverse remodelling

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