In vitro effects of desflurane, sevoflurane, isoflurane, and halothane in isolated human right atria

Massimo Massetti, J. L Hanouz, G Guesne, S Chanel, G Babatasi, R Rouet, P Ducouret, A Khayat, F Galateau, H Bricard, J. L. Gérard

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54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Direct myocardial effects of volatile anesthetics have been studied in various animal species in vitro. This study evaluated the effects of equianesthetic concentrations of desflurane, sevoflurane, isoflurane, and halothane on contractile parameters of isolated human atria in vitro. METHODS: Human right atrial trabeculae, obtained from patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery, were studied in an oxygenated (95% O2-5% CO2) Tyrode's modified solution ([Ca2+]o = 2.0 mM, 30 degrees C, stimulation frequency 0.5 Hz). The effects of equianesthetic concentrations (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, and 2.5 minimum alveolar concentration [MAC]) of desflurane, sevoflurane, isoflurane, and halothane on inotropic and lusitropic parameters of isometric twitches were measured. RESULTS: Isoflurane, sevoflurane, and desflurane induced a moderate concentration-dependent decrease in active isometric force, which was significantly lower than that induced by halothane. In the presence of adrenoceptor blockade, the desflurane-induced decrease in peak of the positive force derivative and time to peak force became comparable to those induced by isoflurane. Halothane induced a concentration-dependent decrease in time to half-relaxation and a contraction-relaxation coupling parameter significantly greater than those induced by isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane. CONCLUSIONS: In isolated human atrial myocardium, desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane induced a moderate concentration-dependent negative inotropic effect. The effect of desflurane on time to peak force and peak of the positive force derivative could be related to intramyocardial catecholamine release. At clinically relevant concentrations, desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane did not modify isometric relaxation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-124
Number of pages9
JournalAnesthesiology
Volume92
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Anesthetics, Inhalation
  • Catecholamines
  • Halothane
  • Heart Atria
  • Humans
  • Hydrocarbons, Halogenated
  • Isoflurane
  • Methyl Ethers
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction

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