[Improving Hospital efficiency: assessment of performance of a surgical suite through root cause analysis, in a hospital in northern Italy]

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Improving Hospital efficiency: assessment of performance of a surgical suite through root cause analysis, in a hospital in northern Italy

Maria Lucia Specchia, Giovanna Elisa Calabro', Gualtiero Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani, Emanuela Maria Frisicale, Elettra Carini, Angelo Maria Pezzullo, Sara Marchiori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A Surgical Suite (SS) is a complex system in which different healthcare professionals work. Inefficient management could lead to waste of money and time and reduce quality of care. The aim of the study was to carry out an organizational assessment of a SS in northern Italy, in order to identify weaknesses and inadequacies related to its performance and promote strategies to increase efficiency. The study was conducted by process mapping of the working context, qualitative and quantitative analysis of patient documents and an evaluation of the critical issues using the root cause analysis (RCA) tool. The Plan Do Check Act (PDCA) method was used to implement the necessary changes. A detailed description of the staff involved, medical devices available, organization and timing of the SS was performed. Inefficiencies in the unit were caused mainly by insufficient medical devices and underusage of the radiological software Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS). Root causes of inefficiencies were identified and classified into four areas: organization/structure, personnel, technologies and methods. In particular, critical issues were identified in: the planning processes, the heterogeneity of technical and Information technology skills and educational background of nursing staff, the presence of several computerized information systems and lack of a connection interface between the different software, the lack of internal procedures and paths and lack of continuing professional education opportunities. Two multidisciplinary working tables were launched by the hospital management in order to identify improvement strategies. The evaluation allowed us to define the root causes of SS inefficiency in this hospital, leading to a reorganization with a view to continuous improvement. An innovative aspect of the present study was the use of RCA to perform an organizational assessment in healthcare, rather than as a reactive risk management tool.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Improving Hospital efficiency: assessment of performance of a surgical suite through root cause analysis, in a hospital in northern Italy
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)11-28
Number of pages18
JournalIGIENE E SANITÀ PUBBLICA
Volume75
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • analisi organizzativa
  • assistenza sanitaria
  • chirurgia
  • efficiency
  • efficienza
  • healthcare
  • organizational assessment
  • quality
  • qualità
  • root cause analysis
  • surgery

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