Cooking by boiling dry pasta could have varying degrees of influence on nutritional and functional components. In the present study, its effect on total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity, as well as on the comprehensive profile of free and bound phenolics, was investigated in six commercial gluten-free (GF) pasta products. Overall, the heat treatment caused a significant reduction (P < 0.01) of the total phenolic content as well as FRAP reducing power and ORAC radical scavenging, with significant differences among the pasta samples considered. The highest values were recorded in free phenolic fraction remaining in black rice (41 mg gallic acid equivalents 100 g− 1 and 25 mmol Trolox Equivalents 100 g− 1) and quinoa (24 mg gallic acid equivalents 100 g− 1 and 14 mmol Trolox Equivalents 100 g− 1) cooked GF pasta. Significant correlations (P < 0.01) could be found between total phenolics and both the antioxidant capacity assays performed. UHPLC-ESI/QTOF-MS mass profiling allowed confirming the spectrophotometric results, while identifying the amount of free and bound fractions. Among phenolic classes, lignans exhibited the highest decrease during the cooking process, followed by stilbenes and flavonoids. However, phenolic acids and other phenolics showed the highest stability. Furthermore, cooking by boiling strongly lowered the bound-to-free ratio of phenolic compounds, by an averaged factor ranging from 14-folds for flavonoids to 5-folds for other classes of phenolics.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Food Research International|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
- Cooking by boiling
- Food profiling
- Total phenolic content
- food metabolomics