Il gioco delle parti. Alcune considerazioni sul rapporto Ratti - Pacelli

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] The game of the parts. Some considerations on the Ratti - Pacelli relationship

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] A considerable part of contemporary historiography has repeatedly insisted on emphasizing the difference in approach between Achille Ratti and Eugenio Pacelli, attributing to the Pope of Desio, on the one hand, an increasingly explicit and conscious desire to publicly denounce the anti-Christian character of fascist totalitarianisms and above all Nazi, and to his secretary of state, on the other hand, a lesser determination in pursuing dialogue and mediation with those same regimes. In support of this reading, reference was made in particular to some episodes dating back to the last years of the Rattan pontificate, in the light of which the divergence between the Pope's addresses and his Secretary of State appeared to many evident. If to save at least appearances in relations with Berlin, to always keep a possibility of dialogue open, were a morally legitimate concern, it is a question on which it is difficult to express a historically founded judgment. Indeed, such a judgment should adequately take into account what was at the time the main issue at stake in bilateral Holy See-Germany relations, namely the survival of the Catholic Church on German soil, severely tested on an ideological and cultural level no less and on the institutional and organizational level. Certainly, for those who intend to approach such a fascinating and complex subject, a considerable effort of identification seems necessary, which moves from the desire to understand the choices made by the protagonists of this page of history, before the anxiety to condemn or absolve them .
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] The game of the parts. Some considerations on the Ratti - Pacelli relationship
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationPio XI e il suo tempo. Atti del convegno Desio, 6 Febbraio 2016
EditorsF Cajani
Pages367-392
Number of pages26
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Diplomazia vaticana
  • Pio XI
  • Pio XII
  • Pope Pius XI
  • Pope Pius XII
  • Santa Sede e Nationalsocialismo
  • Vatican Diplomacy
  • Vatican and Nazism

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