Il crollo del blocco comunista Est-europeo: il ritorno di Yalta e la difficile riappacificazione

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] The collapse of the Eastern European communist bloc: the return of Yalta and the difficult reconciliation

Dino Sabovic*

*Corresponding author

Research output: Other contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] With the collapse of the Eastern European communist bloc, the dissolution of the Soviet Union (26 December 1991) and the creation of the European Union (Maastricht 1992), the process of rapprochement and integration of various ex-countries will begin communists of Europe to the Euro-Atlantic world. This will be possible thanks to the events that have taken place since the 1980s: when the various peoples of Eastern Europe embarked on an unexpected journey towards their own national self-determination. A process that had already begun in Poland and which was gaining ground also thanks to the more permissive policies of Andropov and, later, of Gorbachev. An almost always peaceful process of self-determination of Moscow's satellites that brings with it, however, a big question: why don't Gorbachev and his leadership intervene to stop it, by force or otherwise as in the past? The answer concerns precisely the ideological vision of both security and the future that Gorbachev had embraced for Europe. In fact, the Soviet leader wants to keep faith with his commitment, undertaken in the mid-1980s with Washington, to create a better security environment for the world, but also above all for Europe under the banner of a "common European home ”: that is, a Europe without borders where people are free to move, free from hunger and free from the fear of war. And starting from these assumptions we want to give a particular reading of this period under examination: that is, how the Yalta Agreements were the guiding force in the emancipation of Eastern European states and how these agreements still influence today both the European reality that, if not above all, the foreign policy of the states in question.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] The collapse of the Eastern European communist bloc: the return of Yalta and the difficult reconciliation
Original languageItalian
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Comunismo
  • Est-Europa
  • Sovranità
  • Yalta

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