Il Corpo che parla : comunicazione ed espressività nel movimento umano

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] The body that speaks: communication and expressiveness in the human movement

Francesco Casolo, Stefania Melica

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Man as a biological unity-complexity of mind and body that lives and relates through different forms of motility in the physical and social relational environment: from the moment of his conception he acquires the possibility of communicating and therefore of relating to 'environment. The first forms of this relationship are manifested in the womb of the expectant mother when she feels, through the first movements, the living presence of the unborn child who, from the ultrasound scans, is already seen as capable of extending and flexing her legs, sucking her thumb, turning her head, moving her toes and hands. The mother learns to understand if the unborn child is awake or sleeping through the sensations activated by the movements in the womb that are manifested by contacts, muscular tensions and body attitudes. Even after birth, the first relationships are realized through the body in the "tonic dialogue" between the child and the mother, whose bodily reactions, unconsciously dictated by affection, are indispensable for development and psychological balance. These forms of relationship, first realized only with the mother, extend to the family environment, and they precede verbal relations very much, remaining at the basis of all further future forms of relationship throughout the whole of life. Body communication, which we will also call "non-verbal" to differentiate it from the word, includes all the messages that come from our body: facial mimicry (with the expressiveness of the eyes, mouth and forehead), the individual segmental gestures of the limbs , positions and global attitudes of the body. The spontaneous forms of non-verbal communication, during the first years of life, are progressively placed side by side, integrated and then overcome by verbal skills. With the progressive mastery of the word the child is able to greatly improve the quality of communication which becomes more precise and more effective for the definition of the relationship. Words and sentences in fact allow us to interact in a more precise, complete and effective way with others and to start all the mental processes of constructing concepts and thus activating the mental processes of abstraction. Body language constantly accompanies verbal language and it is by scrutinizing and interpreting the gestures, movements and postures of the other that we are able, as a rule, to have a credible feedback on what is being transmitted to us with words. Non-verbal language helps us to communicate our feelings and our moods in a way that with words alone could be incomplete. We can decide not to communicate verbally but it is impossible for us not to communicate with the body and this is also valid when it is our intention. The progressive acquisition of self-knowledge and a consequent better bodily mastery corresponds in the evolutionary age to the ability of man not only to communicate unconsciously and spontaneously through the body but also to use the forms of bodily communication in a voluntary and predetermined way for managing forms of effective communication in habitual, sporting or expressive relational contexts. Examples of this are the gestures used by man to communicate without words (to say goodbye, to understand each other visually, to exult, to communicate affection) or the gestures used by the referee (to report any infringements, fouls or intervals of time) by the point guard (to signal to his companions the implementation of a game scheme) or by the coach (to communicate with the athletes in the field) and again gestures and forms of expressiveness constructed and trained used by the mime, the dancer or from a good actor to communicate feelings and moods to us. There is a form of communication implicit in dance and it is the one produced
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] The body that speaks: communication and expressiveness in the human movement
Original languageItalian
PublisherVita e Pensiero
Number of pages235
ISBN (Print)88-343-1244-9
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Comunicazione
  • Corporeità
  • Espressione corporea

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