Since the birth of bioethics a new situation has been consolidated, it emerges sometimes confusedly in the lemma of “bioeconomy”, in which human bodies are registered as much in techno-scientific research as in labor processes. In fact, in pharmacological trials in healthy subjects and in the field of reproductive technology, a new kind of manpower has arisen, now defined as “clinical labor”. An emblematic case is IVF, its development has made it possible to separate the figure of the woman supplier of the gametes from that of the woman carrying out gestation and birth, thereby giving rise to two different markets – one for oocytes and the other for surrogacy – tainted by forms of social and racial discrimination. However, the contrast between solidarity (gift) and profit (exploitation) is not the only thing at stake. Clinical labor, in fact, derives in theoretical terms from the analyses of those economists who have enhanced the notion of human capital trying simultaneously to transform the most intimate bodily functions into “commercial goods and services”. So while from many quarters the notion of human capital is looked on as the solution to problems, there is inadvertence as to how it institutes an ethics that completely rewrites the way of conceiving the relationship between health, illness and disability within the perspective of the enterprising self. This paper, therefore, endeavours to investigate from a bioethical standpoint the neoliberal literature on human capital, in order to avert its tracing the bioethical criteria of the biotechnical age to come.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] The in-human capital. Bioethics in the face of "clinical work"|
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||MEDICINA E MORALE|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
- capitale umano, neoliberalismo, lavoro clinico, bioeconomia, maternità surrogata, imprenditoria disé, Peter Sloterdijk, Gary Becker, Melinda Cooper, Catherine Waldby, André Gorz
- human capital, neoliberalism, clinical labor, bioeconomy, surrogacy, the enterprising self, PeterSloterdijk, Gary Becker, Melinda Cooper, Catherine Waldby, André Gorz