[Autom. eng. transl.] The contribution presents a reflection on the psychological foundation of the need for a father and a mother for every human being, to then come to make some mention of the consequences due to the absence or inadequacy of the parental figures in the psychological development of the child and the need for any parental figures replacement. Along the path of child development, the coexistence of a "maternal affective code" and a "paternal ethical code" appears fundamental to guarantee a balanced evolution of personal identity: therefore mother and father play different and complementary roles and functions in the growth of children, while changing over time according to the age of the children. On the other hand, reality teaches us that it is possible to grow even without a parent: the "differentiating" function can also be taken by other reference figures, grandparents, friends, external support networks, as well as the exercise of educational functions can be shared with others who are not the other parent. The theme of the "necessity" for every human being of a paternal and a maternal or better just "that father" and "that mother" therefore implies a shift of attention from the material-phenomenological level to a symbolic-anthropological level and above all imposes a reversal of the perspective from the point of view of the parents to that of the child. If in fact there is an indisputable fact that cannot be objected to, it is that to be born, "that child" needs "that father" and "that mother". In particular, the experiences of "complex" parenting of adoption and fostering that are described in the article help to shed light on these aspects and make clear the need entered in all the children of father and mother.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] The need to have a father and mother|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|