[Autom. eng. transl.] The process of globalization, the convergence of sectors, the intensification of competitive dynamics, the growing importance of competition between "territories" have significantly fueled the interest of politicians, economic operators and scholars on the theme of local development, pushing towards identification of new logics, new tools and new intervention strategies. At the same time, attention was paid to the search for a new articulation of the relationships between different levels of government, that is, of the various stakeholders involved in the design and implementation of actions in support of territorial development. The changes that appear relevant to local development issues can be mainly traced back to three phenomena (Ciciotti, Spaziante, 2000) The first is represented by the so-called "reticular revolution" (Pellicano, 2002, p. 141) as an overcoming of the rigid hierarchy-market dualism. The reticular solution can be reached both through the hierarchical organization by providing a re-engineering of the activities and by establishing a coordination between outsourced activities (network company) and by the market by arriving at a more or less spontaneous aggregation of small companies (networks company). The reticular "revolution" had the merit of highlighting the potential associated with innovative ways of interacting and coordinating between different organizations. The second phenomenon, moreover connected to the previous one, concerns the new relationship between business and territory, in particular in the interpretation offered by the concept of glocalism (Rullani, 1997a). The latter effectively summarizes the vision according to which, if it is true that globalization requires companies to propose themselves to the market in a global way, it is also true that even the enhancement of the specific elements of the territory to which they belong can significantly contribute to the growth of competitiveness. (Rullani, 1997b; Vacca, 1995). Localism therefore expresses the extent to which a company leverages its link with the territory of origin or of choice, for the enhancement of its distinctive abilities and the achievement of competitive advantages. The third phenomenon is embodied in the emergence of strong territorial competition focused on the specificities and differences between "areas" and the consequent ability of "territories" to respond more or less effectively to the needs of businesses. The diversity of the territories both with respect to the specific structural endowment and with respect to the role of the institutions, the concrete capacity of the latter to interpret the needs expressed by the 'area', the competitive strategies and the methods of intervention adopted to increase the capacity of attraction have become central aspects in local development issues. It is clear that all the aspects indicated, albeit to different degrees, contribute to the recognition of the centrality of the territorial dimension and at the same time introduce the theme of territorial development agencies, the starting point of this work.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] The Territorial Pacts|
|Title of host publication||L'innovazione nei servizi delle pubbliche amministrazioni per la competitività delle PMI|
|Number of pages||32|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
- sviluppo locale
- Patti Territoriali