[Hyponatremia: practical approach to diagnosis and treatment]

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] [Hyponatremia: practical approach to diagnosis and treatment]

Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Alessandro Naticchia, Silvia D'Alonzo, Giovanni Gambaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hyponatremia is one of the most frequent ion and water disorders. It is generally due to disproportionate renal water retention. Severe hyponatremia (<125 mEq/L) is associated with well-known clinical symptoms and manifestations. However, even mild reductions in sodium blood levels have been shown to be associated with increased mortality and with the risk of falls and fractures. The diagnosis of hyponatremia, although requiring simple clinical and laboratory tests, may be complex and difficult. Treatment should be tailored to the clinical manifestations and severity of hyponatremia. Vaptans may be used in euvolemic or hypervolemic hyponatremia and particularly in SIADH.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] [Hyponatremia: practical approach to diagnosis and treatment]
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)305-313
Number of pages9
JournalGIORNALE ITALIANO DI NEFROLOGIA
Volume28
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Hyponatremia
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic

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