Human Monoclonal Antibody-Based Therapy in the Treatment of Invasive Candidiasis

Francesca Bugli, Brunella Posteraro, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Margherita Cacaci, Cecilia Martini, Riccardo Torelli, Francesco Paroni Sterbini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Invasive candidiasis (IC) represents the leading fungal infection of humans causing life-threatening disease in immunosuppressed and neutropenic individuals including also the intensive care unit patients. Despite progress in recent years in drugs development for the treatment of IC, morbidity and mortality rates still remain very high. Historically, cell-mediated immunity and innate immunity are considered to be the most important lines of defense against candidiasis. Nevertheless recent evidence demonstrates that antibodies with defined specificities could act with different degrees showing protection against systemic and mucosal candidiasis. Mycograb is a human recombinant monoclonal antibody against heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) that was revealed to have synergy when combined with fluconazole, caspofungin, and amphotericin B against a broad spectrum of Candida species. Furthermore, recent studies have established an important role for Hsp90 in mediating Candida resistance to echinocandins, giving to this antibody molecule even more attractive biological properties. In response to the failure of marketing authorization by the CHMP (Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use) a new formulation of Mycograb, named Mycograb C28Y variant, with an amino acid substitution was developed in recent years. First data on Mycograb C28Y variant indicate that this monoclonal antibody lacked efficacy in a murine candidiasis model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalCLINICAL & DEVELOPMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Antibody

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