How Shakespeare Was Used: Echoes of John Henry Newman's Idea of Literature in Joyce

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Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Two years before being appointed Rector of the Catholic University in Dublin (1854), Cardinal John Henry Newman delivered a series of lectures on education, later on in the Idea of a University (1852-1873) specifically concerned with literature. Some ideas put forth by Newman in that lecture re-sound in a very distinct way in Joyce's Drama and Life and in the "Scylla and Charybdis" episode of Ulysses. In this paper I will pro-ceed to outline such textual "echoes" after a short exposition of New-man's themes and motifs. Newman's lecture is a source of inspiration for his theory on Hamlet, and a main inspiration for his experimentation with sound in Finnegans Wake. In fact, Joyce drew directly from Newman his famous state of mind about Finnegans Wake, that the book was intended for "the ear" (Pindar 2004: 106), a statement curi-ously echoing Newman (1912 : 7): "[literature] addresses itself, in its primary idea, to the ear, not to the eye".
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-112
Number of pages16
JournalJOYCE STUDIES IN ITALY
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • James Joyce, John Henry Newman, Shakespeare, Literary Theory, Ulysses, The Idea of a University

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