Horse-riding competitions pre and post covid-19: Effect of anxiety, srpe and hr on performance in eventing

Sabrina Demarie, Christel Galvani, Veronique Louise Billat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the present study was to quantify the impact of training restrictions, due to COVID-19 sanitary emergency, on physical and emotional strain of horse-riding Eventing competitions before and after eight weeks of lockdown. Performance was assessed by the penalty points attained, anxiety by the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2, strain by the Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) method. Moreover, Heart Rate was continuously monitored for fifty-four female national level Eventing horse-riders. Lockdown decreased performance outcome of horse-riders in Eventing competitions up to six weeks, with the Dressage test being the most affected discipline. Performance in Dressage was strongly related to both anxiety and session-RPE. After lockdown, Show-Jumping and Cross-Country courses were shorter allowing RPE to remain stable, session-RPE to significantly decline and cardiovascular strain not to exceed pre-lockdown values. In conclusion, emotional stress in Dressage and workload in Cross-Country should be carefully managed by equestrian Eventing stakeholders when planning training and competitions after a period of lockdown. Moreover, sRPE appears to offer a practical method of monitoring riders load during training and competition and could also be of use for home-based training during any future sport activities restrictions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Animals
  • Anxiety
  • Athletes
  • Athletic Performance
  • COVID-19
  • Competition
  • Female
  • Heart Rate
  • Horse-riding
  • Horses
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • Rate perceived exertion
  • Sports
  • State anxiety


Dive into the research topics of 'Horse-riding competitions pre and post covid-19: Effect of anxiety, srpe and hr on performance in eventing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this