Hemodynamic (fNIRS), electrophysiological (EEG) and autonomic responses to affective pictures: a multi-method approach to the study of emotions

Michela Balconi, Maria Elide Vanutelli, Elisabetta Grippa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The activation of the prefrontal cortex during affective picture processing has been extensively studied in its temporal (by EEG), spatial (by neuroimaging studies) and peripheral (by autonomic system measures) features, even if little is known about the relation between neural measures, and between cortical and psychophysiological ones. Nonetheless emotions and their multilevel processing need to be explored by means of a multi-method approach. The aim of the present study was to examine emotional processing in healthy adults, instructed to look at affective (positive and negative) IAPS pictures during simultaneous hemodynamic (near-infrared spectroscopy, fNIRS), EEG and autonomic activity recording. Twenty subjects participated at the experiment. Stimuli were presented for 6 s in a randomized order, with 12 s inter-stimulus interval. Our main results indicated a differential involvement of prefrontal areas (dorsolateral prefrontal cortex DLPFC) according to the valence of the stimulus and a relevant lateralization effect, with negative pictures inducing increased oxygenated hemoglobin (O2Hb) and increased theta and delta activity (frequency band analysis) in the right hemisphere. An increased systemic skin conductance response (SCR) was also found. An intrinsic relation was found and discussed between these three different levels.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgramma del «60° Congresso Nazionale SINC - Società Italiana di Neurofisiologia Clinica»
Pages31
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event60° Congresso Nazionale SINC - Società Italiana di Neurofisiologia Clinica - Verona
Duration: 20 May 201523 May 2015

Conference

Conference60° Congresso Nazionale SINC - Società Italiana di Neurofisiologia Clinica
CityVerona
Period20/5/1523/5/15

Keywords

  • EEG
  • Emotions
  • fNIRS

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