Gold and civil conflict intensity: evidence from a spatially disaggregated analysis

Sara Balestri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This research is aimed at investigating whether the presence of available extractive resources, in particular gold, interacts with civil conflict intensity, accounting for sub-country level data through the use of Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques. By a spatially disaggregated and specific resource analysis, I found that gold, gemstones and hydrocarbons productions within the conflict areas tend to increase conflict intensity. The analysis is carried out by applying a Zero-Truncated Negative Binomial model. Data for gold resource are extracted from an original dataset – GOLDATA - which provides a comprehensive list of gold deposits throughout the world completed of geographic coordinates, temporal information and characteristics. The overall finding is that the presence of exploitable gold resource tends to increase conflict intensity and that resources' lootability and accessibility in wartime can largely determine to what extent revenues can be appropriated and misused during conflict events
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalPeace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • civil war
  • conflict intensity
  • gold
  • natural resources


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