Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PDH) Deficiency in a Patient with ST-Segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction Successfully Treated by Simple Thrombectomy

Filippo Crea, Italo Porto, Andrea Leo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the case of an 82-year-old Sardinian woman affected by "favism" (i.e. intolerance to fava beans) with chest pain associated with persistent massive ST elevation in V2-V6 leads, admitted to our department after transfer from a rural hospital without catheterization facilities. On immediate transfer to the catheterization laboratory for primary percutaneous intervention (PCI), coronary angiogram showed proximal left anterior descending (LAD) thrombotic occlusion. In consideration of her history of glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and "loss of consciousness" at a young age after taking aspirin, which contraindicated aspirin therapy, we treated this patient using a new, two-step strategy, with an emergency minimalist intervention using manual thrombectomy and intracoronary glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIbIIIa) inhibition with abciximab. Subsequent angiography control confirmed the persistence of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Trial (TIMI) grade 3 flow and the presence of an intermediate proximal LAD coronary lesion, which was not treated, also due to the persisting contraindication to aspirin. In our opinion, minimalist intervention with a thrombectomy device (especially in patients characterized by a high intracoronary thrombus burden) and/or with the use of a small balloon or gentle dilation, sustained by maximized antithrombotic therapy may represent an interesting and rational approach, allowing interventionalists to postpone stenting in the setting of primary PCI in special cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-430
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Volume2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Favism
  • Myocardil infarction

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