[Autom. eng. transl.] In the first half of the twentieth century the two large orphanages of Reggio Emilia, one female and the other male, took care of welcoming and assisting the numerous children without families in the area, but also those who, due to serious difficulties of the parents, were unable to remain in the own original parental nucleus. These structures, whose foundation dates back to the modern era, had an internal organization anchored to traditional characters, such as the high number of hospitalized, unskilled staff, the lack of individualized relationships between children and adult staff, strict discipline , the standardized management of times and spaces. In 1953 the high school professor Ermanno Dossetti, placed in the presidency of the board of directors of orphanages, proposed the interruption of the usual welfare practice. Precisely thanks to his sensitivity and educational foresight, it was decided to abandon the old institutes and to build a new residential complex, inaugurated in 1962 with the name of "Belvedere Village". The Village, organized into ten terraced houses that housed small groups of minors, allowed the formulation of interventions based on a more modern vision of assistance, in an educational climate that followed the family one. The transformation of this institution took place in a historical period marked by the general criticism of the institutes operating on the national territory, which led to their progressive closure, or at least reconversion. It was between the late 1960s and the following decade that the wave of deinstitutionalization reached its maximum intensity, thanks above all to the reforming tensions brought about by the movement of the 1968, to the complaints to institutes received from well-known voices of the European intellectual world (such as those of Goffman, Basaglia, Erikson), to the new role entrusted to local autonomies in the social welfare sector and to the reform of family law. The experience of the Belvedere Village is therefore certainly of interest, because it is representative - and in some ways precursor - of a new vision of care for children and adolescents outside the family, characterized by the detachment from a logic of hospitalization and depersonalization of services in favor of a system based on the care and education of the child. The contribution presented here will trace its evolution, also through the use of unpublished archival documents. Particular attention will be paid to the connection with the broader historical-educational context of the time, with a view to highlighting the social, political and cultural issues that influenced the definition of the institution's pedagogical proposal.
|Name||NODI DI STORIA DELL’EDUCAZIONE|
|Conference||Convegno triennale del Centro Italiano per la Ricerca Storico–educativa (CIRSE)|
|Period||29/11/18 → 1/12/18|
- Villaggio Belvedere
- anni Sessanta
- minori fuori famiglia