Giant Congenital Hemangioma of the Skull: Prenatal Diagnosis and Multimodal Endovascular and Surgical Management

Andrea Alexandre, Andrea Romi, Simona Gaudino, Marco Gessi, Paolo Frassanito, Arianna Camilli, Luca Scarcia, Alessandro Pedicelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: calvarial capillary hemangiomas are vascular tumors rarely seen in newborns. Differential diagnosis may be not straightforward on imaging studies and the management depends on patient and lesion characteristics. Case report: we present the case of a large congenital intracranial extra-axial lesion detected by routine prenatal US screening, a giant calvarial congenital hemangioma, treated with a multimodal strategy. Neonatal MR showed a hemorrhagic solid lesion, causing compression of brain tissue. Conservative treatment was attempted, but a one-month follow-up MR showed growth of the lesion with increased mass effect. Pre-operative endovascular embolization and surgical resection were performed. The pathology was consistent with intraosseous capillary hemangioma. The post-operative course was uneventful. At the 8-month follow-up, the patient had no clinical deficits and MR showed complete resection of the lesion. At the 13-month follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic, showing normal neurological examination and psychophysical development. Conclusions: although wait-and-see policy is feasible for small and asymptomatic lesions, radical resection is indicated when the mass is large, thus causing severe mass effect on the brain. Hypervascularization of the tumor may be responsible for hemorrhagic complications and severe anemia. On these grounds, endovascular treatment is feasible and effective to reduce hemorrhagic complications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalMedicina
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • congenital intraosseous hemangioma
  • endovascular treatment
  • fetal MR
  • neonatal neurosurgery
  • personalized medicine

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