Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and second malignancies A novel sentinel tumor? A monoinstitutional, STROBE-compliant observational analysis

Riccardo Ricci, Maurizio Martini, Giovanni Schinzari, Alessandra Cassano, Maria Grazia Rodriquenz, Sabrina Rossi, Mario Larocca, Michela Quirino, Michele Basso, Ettore D'Argento, Antonia Strippoli, Carlo Antonio Barone

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several evidences showed that patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) develop additional malignancies. However, thorough incidence of second tumors remains uncertain as the possibility of a common molecular pathogenesis. A retrospective series of 128 patients with histologically proven GIST treated at our institution was evaluated. Molecular analysis of KIT and PDGFR-a genes was performed in all patients. Following the involvement of KRAS mutation in many tumors' pathogenesis, analysis of KRAS was performed in patients with also second neoplasms. Forty-six out of 128 GIST patients (35.9%) had a second neoplasm. Most second tumors (52%) raised from gastrointestinal tract and 19.6% from genitourinary tract. Benign neoplasms were also included (21.7%). Molecular analysis was available for 29/46 patients with a second tumor: wild-type GISTs (n. 5), exon 11 (n. 16), exon 13 (n. 1), exon 9 (n. 1) KIT mutations, exon 14 PDGFR-a mutation (n. 2) and exon 18 PDGFR-a mutation (n. 4). KIT exon 11 mutations were more frequent between patients who developed a second tumor (P=0.0003). Mutational analysis of KRAS showed a wild-type sequence in all cases. In metachronous cases, the median time interval between GIST and second tumor was 21.5 months. The high frequency of second tumors suggests that an unknown common molecular mechanism might play a role, but it is not likely that KRAS is involved in this common pathogenesis. The short interval between GIST diagnosis and the onset of second neoplasms asks for a careful follow-up, particularly in the first 3 years after diagnosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e4718-N/A
Number of pages6
JournalMEDICINE
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • GIST
  • KIT
  • KRAS
  • Medicine (all)
  • PDGFR
  • Second malignancies

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