From Legitimation to Rejection of Violence: the Shifting Stance of the Radical Milieu in Italy during the 1970s

Luca Falciola

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Theories of the radical milieu emphasize that armed organizations depend heavily on their constituencies for moral and practical sustenance. Active supporters and sympathizers contribute to shaping identities, defining incentives, and establishing norms of expected behaviours. To achieve a better understanding of the relationship between violent fringes and radical milieu, the present research investigates the following two aspects: 1) the conditions under which the radical milieu is more likely to encourage armed groups’ violence and the way this support is both expressed and perceived; 2) which factors may foster a change of orientation within the radical milieu and drive it towards a more critical attitude vis-à-vis violence. This chapter analyses the case of the Italian leftist armed groups of the 1970s and their supportive environment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolitical Violence in Context: Time, Space and Milieu
EditorsLorenzo Bosi, Niall Ó Dochartaigh, Daniela Pisoiu
Pages230-249
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • brigate rosse
  • political violence
  • radical milieu
  • red brigades
  • terrorism
  • terrorismo
  • violenza politica

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